Learn Electric Guitar In 9 Easy Steps

Learn electric guitar quickly with this 9-step program. This is one of our most popular guides so let’s get started!

learn electric guitar

In this free guide you’ll learn everything you need for a perfect start.

  • Quick-start gear guide: Guitars, tuners, amps, picks
  • What the different parts of your electric guitar do
  • The secret way to learn chords at lightning speed
  • How to make your amp sound good, consistently (channels, EQ & effects)
  • 10 easy songs for guitar beginners
  • How to strum with rhythm and musicality
  • How to hold a pick correctly
  • The most effective way for beginners to practice

50,000+ guitar learners get our world-class guitar tips & tutorials sent straight to their inbox: Click here to join them

After reading this guide you will clearly understand how to learn electric guitar, so let’s dive in!


how to learn electric guitar fast

How to learn electric guitar step 1: Buy the essentials

There’s a few things you’re going to need in your quest to learn electric guitar.

You’ll need an electric guitar (of course) and you’ll also need a cable and a small practice amp.

learn electric guitar for beginners

You’ll need a guitar tuner. (Something like the Korg GA-1 would be perfect.)

how to learn electric guitar for beginners

You’ll also need a capo. The Jim Dunlop trigger capos are fantastic:

learn electric guitar

You’ll also need a guitar strap and a few different guitar picks (a pick thickness of 0.65-0.73 is best for beginners).

learn electric guitar easy

How to learn electric guitar step 2: Learn what the different parts of your electric guitar do.

Learning to play electric guitar isn’t that different from learning on an acoustic. The basics are the same:

  1. You press and hold strings down with your left hand.
  2. You strike the strings with your right hand and that creates music.

So the basics are the same, but overall, learning electric guitar is harder than learning acoustic guitar because for electric guitarists there are more variables in play at any one time.

There are more ‘controls’; dials and things that influence the sound you create.

An acoustic guitar is simply a piece of wood with a hole in the middle, there’s not much that can go wrong there. But for electric guitar there are a lot more links in the chain that need to be mastered if you want to sound good.

Let’s cover them off now so you can start making music as quickly as possible! 🙂


Jack input

This is where you plug a guitar lead in. (You connect the other end of the lead to your amp.)

Tone and volume controls

On your guitar you will have 2-5 dials near to the bridge. These are your volume and tone controls. Depending on what pickup you select some of these controls will be inactive.


Electric guitars can change their tone by using different ‘pickups’. You can select which pickup you want to use and that will give you a different tone.

  • If the pickup selector is leaning towards the neck of the guitar you will get a warmer, more muffled tone.
  • If the pickup selector is leaning away from the neck of the guitar (towards the bridge) then you will get a brighter, crisper tone.

If you want to learn electric guitar you need to get comfortable switching pickups and understanding their different tones.

Whammy bar

You can press and release this to ‘wobble’ the tone of the guitar. It creates a tremolo effect. In my experience 99% of guitarists unscrew this and never use it again.

Machine heads

Turn these to tune your strings!

How To Play electric Guitar

How to learn electric guitar step 3: Learn the names and numbers of your guitar strings

This is important for tons of reasons, but the main two are:

  1. If you want to learn electric guitar you must be able to read chordboxes and tabs.
  2. It’s important you can communicate with other musicians and guitarists.

Going from the thickest to the thinnest, the guitar strings are: E A D G B E.

learn electric guitar

A good way to remember this is:

Elephants And Donkeys Grow Big Ears.


Eddie Ate Dynamite, Good Bye Eddie.

You pick!

For more info on guitar notes and the musical alphabet (including ‘sharps’ and ‘flats’) read this article by Jack and Mike: Guitar Notes Explained: A Guide For Beginners

Important! Do you know how to tune your guitar properly?

To learn more about tuning and tuners read Rob’s article: How To Tune A Guitar: A Beginner’s Guide

learn electric guitar

Want free guitar tips and video lessons delivered to your inbox?

Join 50,000+ other guitar learners and subscribe to our guitar-tips-by-email. (It's free.)

We'll send you a series of lessons that will move you to the next level of your guitar journey.

Learn how everything fits together quickly, easily and effectively. We share ninja tips (for instant fun) but also timeless fundamentals that will deepen your understanding.



What Type of Guitarist Are You?

Take our 60-second quiz and see your results now: Take The Quiz

How to learn electric guitar step 4: Learn basic chords

Regardless of genre, if you want to learn electric guitar, you MUST know basic chords.

There’s an entire section of this site dedicated to easy beginner chords so have a good look around there. Chords are an essential part of your quest to learn electric guitar.

The easiest way to learn chords is to follow Mike’s stepping-stone approach.

For every chord you see, there is an easy version. As a beginner, you simply will not be able to play chords like F or B.

So, you have two choices:

  1. Chew off your own fingers in frustration…
  2. Learn an easier version of the chord!

Choosing option 2 allows you to have fun playing music while developing your dexterity and control. This allows you to ‘graduate’ to playing the more difficult chord versions later.

learn electric guitar

If these chordboxes don’t make sense to you, read our article How To Read Chordboxes In 60 Seconds.

(Figuring out how to learn electric guitar will be impossible if you can’t read chordboxes!)

Learn the 12 EASIEST beginner chords with our famous FREE guide.

 Stop struggling. Start making music.

  Learn 12 beginner-friendly versions of every chord.

  This is our most popular guide and it will improve your chord ability quickly. Click here to download the guide.


Listen to the Learn Guitar Podcast

Learn from the world's best guitar teachers: Listen to the Learn Guitar Podcast now

How to learn electric guitar step 5: Learn how to create a good amp tone, consistently

Now this is super-important.

The most fundamental difference between learning the acoustic guitar and trying to learn electric guitar is volume: we’re talking about amps!

To play electric guitar we use amplifiers and while it’s not essential for you to use an amp, if you play electric guitar without an amp it will be very quiet (and you will be denying yourself the most exciting aspect of the guitar experience).

If you are a total beginner guitarist there is nothing wrong with learning to play your electric guitar without an amplifier. But once you have a few simple chord shapes under your belt you should start using your amp as soon as possible.

Why your amp sound is so important

A guitar amplifier is simply a loudspeaker. That’s all it is. You plug in your electric guitar and your loudspeaker (AKA ‘amp’) makes it louder by amplifying the electric signal that you sent to it from your guitar.

It’s absolutely crucial that you learn how to use your amplifier.

One of the most influential factors that will determine whether you are successful or not in learning to play your electric guitar is how good you sound when you play. 

  • If you sound good when you play there is a greater chance that you will enjoy playing and that will encourage you to practice more (and you will  therefore progress faster).
  • If you sound bad when you play this will predispose you to play your guitar less.

If the tone of your amp is crappy even a great guitarist can sound bad.

If you want to learn electric guitar it is absolutely vital that you learn how to get a pleasant tone from your guitar amplifier.

But of course, it will take time for you to master the various controls and understand how that shapes your amplifier’s tone. Let’s break it down in a simple way and make this easy.

learn electric guitar

You need to understanding amp channels

The first thing you need to understand is that most amplifiers have different ‘channels’. These make global changes to the sound the amp creates.

All amps have a ‘clean’ channel. This is the pure tone that’s delivered from your guitar and the speaker inside the amp.

Most amps have another channel, that delivers a ‘dirtier’, distorted sound. This is sometimes called ‘gain’, ‘overdrive’ or ‘distortion’. These terms are all used interchangeably and broadly mean the same thing. It makes the guitar sound ‘fuzzy’.

Some amps have more than one gain channel, so this allows you to have three different and distinct sounds that you can switch between on-the-fly using a foot pedal that controls your amp.

learn electric guitar

Guitar Effects

Guitar effects can be fantastic fun and can drastically alter the sounds that you can create with your electric guitar. Entire books have been written on guitar effects; it’s a huge and complicated area in the guitar niche.

As a beginner guitarist it’s best not to use any effects beyond some gain/overdrive that you can get from your amp’s gain channel.

If you want to learn electric guitar quickly you have to focus on what’s most important. Effects are ‘garnish’ and we want to focus on the fundamentals first!

Don’t get me wrong, guitar effects are fantastic fun but they add another layer of complexity that beginner guitarists can do without.

In my experience beginner electric guitarists can very quickly get overwhelmed by all of the effect variables and if you start playing around with chorus and delay effects everything gets more complicated and it actually prevents you from mastering the basics quickly.

We want you to master the fundamental aspects of playing electric guitar first; things that you must know, like your pickups and amp’s EQ controls.

So please, choose to keep things simple! 🙂

learn electric guitar

How to make your amp sound good

Let’s create a standard clean tone you can use as your ‘default’ guitar sound. It’s time to EQ your amp.

On your amp you will have a power button and some other buttons that allow you to switch channels.

  1. You will also have three EQ controls labelled: ‘low’, ‘mid’ and ‘high’. These are sometimes called ‘bass’, ‘mid’ and ‘treble’.
  2. Usually they can be turned from 0-10. Just set them all to 5.
  3. Turn off any onboard effects your amp has (delays, chorus, flangers etc).
  4. Select your clean channel.
  5. On your guitar, turn your volume control up to 10. Turn your tone control to its midpoint.

This is your standard setup. This is your ‘basecamp’. A point you can return to whenever you want to play with a consistent and predictable tone.

learn electric guitar easy

Now tweak the sound with your pickup selector

Now try strumming a few chords and see how the sound changes as you switch between different pickups on your guitar.

Can you hear how the sound changes a lot? If you want to learn electric guitar you have to get comfortable with this.

Find a tone you like here and make it your standard go-to sound.

Creating an overdrive sound

Now activate your gain/overdrive channel. This channel has separate controls so you may need to adjust your amp’s controls to alter the volume for this channel.

You will also notice that you have some extra controls that are specific to this channel. This dial will be labelled ‘gain’ or ‘overdrive’. This control adjusts the amount of distortion that will be applied.

When it’s turned up to 10 your sound will be very fuzzy. When it’s turned down to 0 your sound will be cleaner, and possibly quieter or even silent.

Play around with your pickups here and find a tone you like. This can be your standard distorted sound.

With these two sounds clearly defined, a clean sound and a distorted sound, you have a solid platform to learn electric guitar without getting bogged down in unpredictable amp settings and complicated effects.

Important: Take care to ensure that your guitar is always in-tune. The only thing worse than an out of tune guitar is an out of tune guitar that’s being amplified!

learn electric guitar

How to learn electric guitar step 6: Learn how to strum

If you want to learn electric guitar, you MUST be able to strum chords rhythmically.

Strumming will take you time to perfect and as you learn you must ensure you’re not engraining bad technique.

This is what good strumming looks like from the guitar player’s perspective:

  • Notice that the wrist is locked and the big strumming motion is mostly coming from the elbow.
  • Check out the way the pick is being held too.
  • The whole arm is a pivot. Think of it as a single ‘piece of wood’.
  • The pick is like a nail through the piece of wood, at the end. Pointing in, at the strings.

If your current strumming technique is very different to this, you will initially feel like you’re ‘dragging’ the pick over the strings when you try this. (And you are, that’s the pick’s job! That’s what it’s meant to do.) This feeling can cause a bit of discomfort, but it will pass quickly.

This is a huge pillar of learning guitar. In many ways, learning to strum IS learning guitar. Check out this must-read guide to learn a lot more about how to strum with rhythm and musicality.

Check it out! How To Strum A Guitar: The Ultimate Guide

How to hold your pick properly

A big part of understanding how to learn electric guitar is understanding how you make contact with the guitar. This seems like a small detail, but it’s huge!

The pick is being held too far back here:

learn electric guitar

This is much better.

learn electric guitar

Lots of beginners find picks difficult to use so they take the path of least resistance and start strumming with their fingers or (heaven forbid) their thumb.

This might feel easier to begin with, but playing with your thumb is a terrible, limiting habit. Playing with your fingers is fine, of course.

As a guitarist, you need to be able to play with a pick AND your fingers. Practice with both, but do not abandon the pick.

If you want to know how to learn electric guitar, you must be comfortable using a guitar pick.

Be careful not to ‘swan-neck’ your wrist

Your arm should go straight across, parallel to the guitar’s body, with the pick pointing inwards.

learn electric guitar

The swan-neck shape makes it impossible to deaden, syncopate or do pretty much any right hand technique. (This won’t be a problem if you’re an absolute beginner, but it will hold you back hugely when you’re an intermediate player.) The swan-neck wrist is to be avoided at all costs.

Download our lead guitar cheat-sheet to make things easier

It can be disorientating for guitarists to understand which scales work with which keys.

With this in mind, we created a cheat-sheet; a key and scale-finder that you can use again and again. Click here to download your copy.


Listen to the Learn Guitar Podcast

Learn from the world's best guitar teachers: Listen to the Learn Guitar Podcast now

How to learn electric guitar step 7: Only play songs you love

Here are 3 objective facts you need to have on your radar as a guitar-learner:

  • Fact 1) You’re much more likely to successfully learn the guitar if you practice a lot.
  • Fact 2) You’re much more likely to practice if you enjoy practicing.
  • Fact 3) You’re much more likely to enjoy practicing if you LOVE the music you play during your practice time.

Playing music you love isn’t a luxury for a guitar learner. It’s required. So forget about learning stuff like ‘happy birthday’ and ‘twinkle twinkle little star’. If your teacher wants you to play that stuff you should fire him immediately! 🙂

Tilt the scales in your favour by learning music you love. This article of ours will be a big help and a good source of ideas: 10 Easy Songs For Beginners

learn electric guitar

How to learn electric guitar step 8: Find a good teacher

Don’t rely on YouTube tutorials! There’s lots of great guitarists on YouTube, but not many great guitar teachers. And there’s a huge difference between those two things. Trust me, I own two guitar schools! 🙂

It can take quite a few attempts to find a teacher that’s right for you. That’s normal and you should expect it. It’s all part of understanding how to learn electric guitar.

A good guitar teacher will totally transform your chances of successfully learning the instrument, so keep looking and don’t get discouraged if after 3 or 4 teachers you still haven’t found one that ‘clicks’ with you.


How to learn electric guitar step 9: Practice in a smart way

Over many years I’ve learned that the difference between good guitarists and not-so-good guitarists is not whether they have long fingers or short fingers or whether they have big hands or small hands or whether they come from a musical family or not. ‘Talent’ is a teeny, tiny part of the equation.

The thing that makes a difference is practice. If you want to learn electric guitar you need to be smart about how you approach practicing.

National Guitar Academy

‘How much should I practice?’

Ideally you want to practice guitar for about fifteen minutes per day, but even five minutes a day will see you make clear & satisfying progress.

Occasionally I’ve had students who say things like, “Sorry, I didn’t get any practice in this week. I set aside a few hours on Sunday, but then something came up.”

Don’t try and cram all your practice into one day.

For one thing, life being what it is, things often WILL come up. (That’s life, right?)

Perhaps more importantly though, even if you’re 100% certain you have that day free, you’re giving yourself a HUGE workload.

It’s much better to keep things bitesize. Fifteen minutes a day is manageable, won’t stress you out too much and if something comes up, it’s ok. (Losing 15 minutes practice time is no big drama.)

Find Out What You Should Learn Next With Our Guitar Map

If you want to understand where you’re up to in your guitar journey you should take a look at our Guitar Map. It will show you what you ‘should’ know by now (and also what you need to learn next to move forward as a guitarist).

Most people find that the Guitar Map shows them how everything fits together and best of all, it will help you identify gaps in your knowledge that are holding you back.

(There is often just one piece of information that holds people back, 1 key insight that they need to know so they can continue moving forward and improving in their guitar journey.)

We made the Guitar Map so people like you can quickly identify what you don’t know, that you need to know next. We hope that makes sense!?

NOTE: The Guitar Map is now included in our free special report: 'The 7 Steps To Guitar Mastery'.

What Type of Guitarist Are You?

Take our 60-second quiz and see your results now: Take The Quiz

Want free guitar tips and video lessons delivered to your inbox?

Join over 30,000 other guitar learners and subscribe to our guitar-tips-by-email service. (It's free.)

We'll send you a series of lessons that will move you to the next level of your guitar journey.

Learn how everything fits together quickly, easily and effectively. We share ninja tips (for instant fun!) but also timeless fundamentals that will deepen your understanding.


If You're Struggling, Try Something NEW.

Are you tired of trying to learn guitar from YouTube with no structure and poor-quality videos?

As I often tell my students: “If you always do what you always did, you’ll always get what you always got”. (That sounds trite, but it’s true.)

To move to the next stage of your guitar journey you need to try something new.

Here’s 2 new things you can try NOW:

1) Join our email list and get our 7 best guitar lessons sent straight to your inbox today. (We will never send you spam & you can unsubscribe in 1-click.)

2) Spend some money on your guitar education. The best stuff isn’t free. You have to pay for it. Do you want to learn or not?

I always recommend JamPlay to my students and I do this for 2 reasons:

  • Their lessons are fantastic. They have great teachers who communicate clearly. Their videos film each hand separately which I love.
  • The second reason I recommend JamPlay is they offer a 7-day money-back guarantee, so you can check it out and get your money back immediately if it’s not for you. I like that kind of freedom & it makes them easy to recommend: Check out JamPlay here

Popular Lessons

How To Learn Guitar: An 11-Step Programme For Beginners

10 Easy Songs For Beginners

How To Strum A Guitar

How To Choose The Perfect Beginner Guitar

Guitar Notes Explained: A Guide For Beginners

How To Play Lead Guitar

3 Easy Ways To Play Bm


More Cool Stuff

Learn about the National Guitar Academy: About Us

Join us on Facebook for daily guitar tips.

Listen to our Learn Guitar Podcast for rapid guitar progress.

Check out our free chord lessons.


Thanks for stopping by, speak soon! 🙂

00. Mike Kennedy Profile Pic (Circle)

Mike Kennedy - National Guitar Academy Founder

Enter your email address to learn our best guitar tips and tricks today!