How To Learn Guitar: An 11-Step Programme For Beginners

Wondering how to learn guitar? This free guide will give you an 11-step roadmap you can follow.

How To Learn Guitar

In this free guitar lesson you’ll learn everything you need to get off to a perfect start.

  • Quick-start gear guide: Guitars, tuners, picks etc.
  • The secret way to learn chords at lightning speed
  • How to hold a pick correctly
  • 10 easy songs for guitar beginners
  • How to strum with rhythm and musicality
  • The most effective way for beginners to practice
  • How to stay positive and avoid frustration
  • How to hire the perfect guitar teacher

After reading this guide you will clearly understand how to learn guitar. Let’s do it!

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how to learn guitar fast

How to learn guitar step 1: Learn with a guitar that’s well suited to YOU

There are dozens of different types of guitar and they play very differently. Some are easy to play. Some are difficult to play.

The guitar you choose to learn with has a huge influence on your chances of successfully learning the instrument. Any guitar is better than ‘no guitar’ of course, but ideally, you want a guitar that suits your body shape and size. This will make a profound and long-lasting difference to your guitar journey, so treat it seriously.

This article by Mike will help you:

How To Choose The Perfect Beginner Guitar

‘How much do I need to spend?’

You don’t need to spend much, but as a beginner you do need a guitar that is super-playable, will stay in tune and is in otherwise good working order.

  • A rubbish guitar is going to sound rubbish, no matter how hard you practice.
  • As a general rule I’d say don’t pay any less than $150 / £120 for a guitar and ALWAYS try before you buy.

Some affordable guitar brands you should check out are Squier, Yamaha, Redwood, Farida and Ibanez.

‘Do I have to buy my own guitar?’

You could borrow a guitar to begin with (if you have a kind friend or family member who doesn’t mind lending you their guitar), but this should only be a temporary measure.

If you’re serious about knowing how to learn guitar you need to make a commitment and shell out for your own hardware.

A Few Beginner Essentials…

You’ll need a guitar tuner, the Korg GA-1 is perfect:

how to learn guitar for beginners

You’ll also need a capo, the Jim Dunlop trigger capos are fantastic:

Best Beginner Capo

You’ll also need a guitar strap and a few different guitar picks (a pick thickness of 0.65-0.73 is best for beginners).

If you want to learn electric guitar then you’ll also need a cable and a small practice amp.

how to learn guitar

How to learn guitar step 2: Learn to tune your guitar accurately and quickly

A good guitar tuner is a wise & worthwhile investment.

There are 4 main types: microphone-based tuners, vibration-based tuners, pedal tuners and smartphone apps.

Microphone-based tuners need to ‘hear’ the guitar notes to tune. (You can also plug in electric and electro-acoustic guitars on most modern tuners.)

how to learn guitar easily

Vibration-based tuners clip on to the guitar and tune by vibration. (They can still tune in a noisy environment, unlike microphone-based tuners.) My favourite is the Snark.

how to learn guitar for dummies

Pedal tuners are very accurate tuners for electric, bass and electro-acoustic guitars.

guitar tuner

Smartphone apps can tune your guitar quickly and cheaply. There’s tons of free ones out there.

To learn more about tuning and tuners read Rob’s article:

How To Tune A Guitar: A Beginner’s Guide

Here’s a quick demo of a guitar tuner in action.

Some guitars and amps come with built-in tuners. These can be handy, but they’re rarely as good as dedicated tuners.

As you learn more you’ll find you don’t always need to use a tuner to tune. But as a beginner, having a tuner is essential.

How to learn guitar step 3: Learn the names and numbers of your guitar strings

This is an all too common conversation I find myself having with guitar students:

Me: Could you play your ‘A’ string?

Student: Which one’s the ‘A’ string again?

Me: The fifth string.

Student: Which way are the strings numbered again?

Figuring out how to learn guitar will be difficult for you if you don’t know which string is which!

It’s important for you to be able to communicate effectively not just with a teacher, but also with other musicians. (Especially if you want to play in a band some day.)

Going from the thickest to the thinnest our guitar strings are: E A D G B E.

Understanding Guitar String Numbers

A good way to remember this is:

Elephants And Donkeys Grow Big Ears.

Or…

Eddie Ate Dynamite, Good Bye Eddie.

You pick!

‘Shouldn’t the 1-6 be the other way around?’

Our strings are numbered 1 to 6 going from the thinnest to the thickest. This is a bit confusing for beginners because when we strum we normally start with the thickest string, so people tend think of that as the first string.

If you want to understand how to learn guitar there’s a couple of idiosyncrasies like this that you’ll get used to after a while. 🙂

For more info on guitar notes and the musical alphabet (including ‘sharps’ and ‘flats’) read this article by Jack and Mike:

Guitar Notes Explained: A Guide For Beginners

How to learn guitar step 4: Learn your basic chords

Regardless of genre, if you want to know how to learn guitar, you MUST know your chords. (Even if you dream of being a solo-twiddling lead guitar legend you still need to know your chords.)

There’s an entire section of this site dedicated to easy beginner chords, so have a good look around there. Chords are an essential part of understanding how to learn guitar.

The easiest way to learn chords is to follow Mike’s stepping-stone approach.

For every chord you see, there is an easy version. As a beginner, you simply will not be able to play chords like F or B.

So, you have two choices:

  1. Chew off your own fingers in frustration
  2. Learn an easier version of the chord

Choosing option 2 allows you to have fun playing music while developing your dexterity and control. This allows you to ‘graduate’ to playing the more difficult chord versions later.

4 easiest chords for beginners how to learn guitar

If these chordboxes don’t make sense to you, read our article ‘How To Read Chordboxes In 60 Seconds‘.

(Figuring out how to learn guitar will be impossible if you can’t read chordboxes!)

Download a free beginner chord guide and learn easy versions of every chord

 Say goodbye to frustration and twisted fingers. Say hello to MAKING MUSIC.

  Learn beginner-friendly versions of every chord.

  This is one of our most popular guides and will improve your chord ability quickly. Click here to download the guide.

The importance of perseverance

Even if your chords sound a bit clunky at first and even if they take a long time to change one to the other, you must persevere. As long as you use easy chords you will improve quickly.

These things take time and patience, but if we know the chord shapes and the chord names, we’re on the right track.

If the chords aren’t sounding right it could be that your fingers aren’t pressing correctly. Use the very tips of the fingers, not the fingerprints. 

Understanding how to learn guitar boils down to two things: knowing what to do with your left hand and your right hand.

  • Left hand = chords
  • Right hand = strumming

How to learn guitar step 5: Learn how to strum

Of all the different components that go into making music, the melody, the harmony, the form… The most important of all is the RHYTHM.

We can make music that doesn’t have melody, we can make music that doesn’t have harmony and we can make music that doesn’t have any set form, however, music cannot be made without RHYTHM.

If you want to know how to learn guitar, you must be able to strum chords rhythmically.

How To Play Guitar

The most common mistake I see people make when learning to strum is trying to put too much power into their strums.

Relax dude, you don’t need to strum hard; even if you want to play loud, you don’t need to strum powerfully.

As much as I love the music of Pete Townsend, he is a bad influence because his trademark windmilling approach to guitar playing has convinced a lot of people that that’s how it’s done.

Check him out at 4 mins 30 seconds into this video, amazing! 🙂

This is an entertaining piece of stagecraft, but it’s not how you should aim to play your guitar.

“But I’m into metal! I’m into punk! I want to play loud!” you may be saying. You don’t have to strum hard to play loud.

Playing in time is more important than playing loud, no matter what the style of music and learning to strum in time and with rhythm should be your number one aim as a guitar learner.

Check out this article by Mike, it will help you a lot:

How To Strum A Guitar: A Beginner’s Guide

How to learn guitar step 6: Learn how to hold your pick properly

As I mentioned earlier, it’s a good idea to buy several different picks to experiment with. (Picks are cheap and small and they get lost all the time, so buy plenty of them.)

Most people find that when they’re first figuring out how to learn guitar they choose a softer pick. Then, as they progress they switch to a heavier pick as they want more control and accuracy.

As a beginner, a pick thickness of 0.65-0.73 is perfect. Any thicker and it becomes much harder to strum with fluidity.

Whatever pick you choose, don’t hold it like it’s some weird object you’d rather not be holding. Grip it between your thumb and forefinger so just the pointy bit is sticking out.

A big part of understanding how to learn guitar is understanding how you make contact with the guitar. This seems like a small detail, but it’s huge.

In this picture, the pick is being held too far back.

how to hold a pick

This is much better.

holding a guitar pick

Lots of beginners find picks difficult to use so they take the path of least resistance and start strumming with their fingers or (heaven forbid) their thumb.

This might feel easier to begin with, but playing with your thumb is a terrible, limiting habit. Playing with your fingers is fine, of course.

As a guitarist, you need to be able to play with a pick AND your fingers. Practice with both, but do not abandon the pick.

If you want to know how to learn guitar, you must be comfortable using a guitar pick.

how to learn guitar programme

How to learn guitar step 7: Make a list of songs you love

Here are 3 objective facts you need to have on your radar as a guitar-learner:

  • Fact 1) You’re much more likely to successfully learn the guitar if you practice a lot.
  • Fact 2) You’re much more likely to practice if you enjoy practicing.
  • Fact 3) You’re much more likely to enjoy practicing if you LOVE the music you play during your practice time.

Playing music you love isn’t a luxury for a guitar learner. It’s required. So forget about learning stuff like ‘happy birthday’ and ‘twinkle twinkle little star’. If your teacher wants you to play that stuff you should fire him immediately! 🙂

Tilt the scales in your favour by learning music you love.

Whenever I take on a new student I try to get them to throw as many song titles, band/artist names and genres at me as possible. The more I know about their taste in music, the more likely I am to be able to find a good song or two for us to start off with.

Obviously some songs might be a bit difficult to begin with, but it’s still good to let your teacher know you want to learn them. They will be able to simplify them a bit for you.

This article of ours will be a big help and a good source of ideas:

10 Easy Songs For Beginners

A big part of understanding how to learn guitar is understanding what motivates you to pick the guitar up and play. (Nothing will give you a bigger boost for this habit-forming than practicing music you love.)

how to learn electric guitar

How to learn guitar step 8: Find a good teacher

I alluded to this in the previous point. It’s important when learning any new skill to have the support and guidance of someone who is an expert.

Don’t rely on YouTube tutorials! There’s lots of great guitarists on YouTube, but not many great guitar teachers. (And there’s a huge difference between those two things.)

It can take a few attempts to find the teacher that’s right for you. That’s normal and you should expect it. It’s all part of understanding how to learn guitar.

A good guitar teacher will totally transform your chances of successfully learning the instrument, so keep looking and don’t get discouraged if after 3 or 4 teachers you still haven’t found one that ‘clicks’ with you.

When enquiring about lessons it’s good to have a list of goals in mind so your potential teacher knows what you want to learn. For example:

  • Are there any songs you’re particularly keen to play?
  • Do you one day hope to play gigs or open mic nights?
  • Do you dream of playing in a band?

Don’t be vague. Guitar is different things to different people. You need to explicitly specify what ‘success’ looks like to you. Figuring out how to learn guitar can be tough, but with a teacher who has a clear idea of what you want to achieve, it’s a lot easier.

  • For example, don’t just say ‘I want to learn guitar’.
  • It would be much better to say something like ‘I want to learn blues lead guitar and sound like B.B King on ‘Every Day I Have The Blues” or, ‘I want to learn to write acoustic songs and sound like Bob Dylan playing Subterranean Homesick Blues’.

You get the idea. Give specific examples and cite specific artists.

how-to-learn-guitar

How to learn guitar step 9: Practice in a smart way

The more I’ve played and the more I’ve taught there’s one thing I’ve been increasingly convinced of.

The difference between good guitarists and not-so-good guitarists is not whether they have long fingers or short fingers or whether they have big hands or small hands or whether they come from a musical family or not. ‘Talent’ is a tiny part of the equation.

The thing that makes a difference is practice. If you want to know how to learn guitar you need to be smart about how you approach practicing.

National Guitar Academy

‘How much should I practice?’

Ideally you want to practice your guitar for about fifteen minutes per day, but even five minutes a day will see you make clear & satisfying progress.

Occasionally I’ve had students who say things like, “I’m afraid I didn’t get any practice in this week. I set aside a few hours on Sunday, but then something came up.”

Don’t try and cram all your practice into one day.

For one thing, life being what it is, things often WILL come up. (That’s life, right?)

Perhaps more importantly though, even if you’re 100% certain you have that day free, you’re giving yourself a HUGE workload.

It’s much better to keep things bitesize. Fifteen minutes a day is manageable, won’t stress you out too much and if something comes up, it’s ok. (Losing 15 minutes practice time is no big drama.)

learn guitar easy

How to learn guitar step 10: Be patient with yourself

Whenever we start learning a new skill we all want to be good straight away, but of course it doesn’t work like that.

As you move forward in your journey of figuring out how to learn guitar there will be ups and downs.

If you’re struggling with a certain chord or technique or with tuning your guitar or anything else, know that this is completely normal. Never, ever, nourish the thought that you ‘should’ be better than you are. (Or that you ‘should’ be further along than you are.)

Take a deep breath. Stay calm and don’t get frustrated with yourself or with your instrument. I know this is easier said than done, but the fact is, it is the only way to get past these inevitable hurdles.

free how to learn guitar

Impatience not only doesn’t help, it often makes things worse. When we’re impatient we don’t think clearly and we can become careless. (Whatever mistake you’ve been making, you’ll likely make it even more often if you allow impatience/frustration to get the better of you!)

This is also why I recommend fifteen minutes practice a day rather than a couple of hours on your day off. If you ask too much of yourself of course you will lose patience with yourself.

How to learn guitar step 11: Don’t be discouraged by other people

When I was learning guitar there were two types of people who I found to be off-putting.

  1. Other guitarists who were further along with their playing than me.
  2. Armchair critics – ie. people who couldn’t play guitar at all but felt their opinion of my playing needed to be heard.

Regarding other guitarists, what you have to remember is they most likely didn’t get good at guitar to make you feel bad about yourself. More likely they got good at guitar because they wanted to feel good about themselves.

With this in mind, try and focus on doing the same. Don’t view other guitarists as your competition and don’t be distracted by what they’re doing. Concentrate on what you’re doing and try and enjoy yourself.

how to play guitar for beginners

Regarding armchair critics, simply ignore them. They don’t know what they’re talking about. If they did, they’d be playing guitar themselves, not critiquing other people’s guitar playing. As you figure out how to learn guitar you can simply let their comments wash over you. 🙂

This is another good reason to find a good teacher. Your teacher will be able to give you an accurate and helpful critique of your playing that will inspire you to keep practicing.

Download this lesson’s worksheet

To download a summary of these 11 steps to print off and put in your practice space click here: How To Learn Guitar In 11 Steps

Find Out What You Should Learn Next With Our Guitar Map

If you want to understand where you’re up to in your guitar journey you should take a look at our Guitar Map. It will show you what you ‘should’ know by now (and also what you need to learn next to move forward as a guitarist).

Most people find that the Guitar Map shows them how everything fits together and best of all, it will help you identify gaps in your knowledge that are holding you back.

(There is often just one piece of information that holds people back, 1 key insight that they need to know so they can continue moving forward and improving in their guitar journey.)

I made the Guitar Map so people like you can quickly identify what you don’t know, that you need to know next. I hope that makes sense!?

NOTE: The Guitar Map is now included in our free special report: 'The 7 Steps To Guitar Mastery'.

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Popular Lessons

How To Learn Guitar: An 11-Step Programme For Beginners

10 Easy Songs For Beginners

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How To Choose The Perfect Beginner Guitar

Guitar Notes Explained: A Guide For Beginners

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3 Easy Ways To Play Bm

 

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Mike Kennedy - National Guitar Academy Director

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